No one knows how many trucks dangerously loaded with smuggled migrants are getting through checkpoints near the U.S.-Mexican border. At a screening area in Laredo, Texas, where one such 18-wheeler made it through packed with more than 100 migrants – 10 of whom later died– border officials tell Scott Pelley it’s “not feasible” to catch all the trucks given the high traffic volumes they deal with. Pelley reports on a growing and dangerous method of smuggling migrants into the U.S. in a 60 MINUTES story to be broadcast Sunday, March 11 (7:00-8:00 PM, ET/PT) on the CBS Television Network.
“It’s unfortunate, but the possibility of us catching every single thing to come through this checkpoint is just not feasible,” says Jason Owens, the deputy chief at the Border Patrol checkpoint on Interstate 35 in Laredo. Owens says, “The agent…has just a couple seconds, given the amount of traffic that comes through and so…whenever they talked to the driver, didn’t have that reasonable suspicion.” The truck traveling to San Antonio sailed through the check point and traveled three hours with temperatures inside climbing to 120 degrees and leaving 10 dead and 29 critically ill.
The increase in the dangerous smuggling is due to more migrants fleeing increased gang and drug cartel violence south of the border, says Jeremy Slack, a professor at the University of Texas at El Paso who has been interviewing migrants for years. “Now not only do people have no economic sustenance, but they also have people trying to kill them,” he tells Pelley.
Pelley speaks with a survivor of the deadly San Antonio truck, Jorge de Santos Aguilar, a 42-year-old Mexican laborer who can earn $5,000 a month in the U.S., but only about $300 a month in Mexico. “I heard a lot of screaming. They wanted water…there were some people saying they wanted to die,” he remembers. “I heard a mom scream for her children. The last thing I remember was calling out to God,” says de Santos.
Two of the 10 who died locked in the stifling trailer of the truck were children.
HUMAN CARGO – In a year, authorities found over 100 18-wheelers packed with migrants in Texas alone. Many more go undetected. Professional smugglers are known to put as many as 100 people into the trucks, sometimes with deadly results. Scott Pelley reports. Ashley Velie is the producer.
TREATING TRAUMA – Social institutions are learning to treat the childhood trauma that’s often at the root of their clients’ problems. Oprah Winfrey visits two such places to report on their programs. Rome Hartman is the producer.
BETSY DEVOS – In the wake of the Parkland school shooting, controversial Education Secretary Betsy DeVos talks to Lesley Stahl. Shachar Bar-On is the producer.
8:00-9:00 PM, ET/PT
THE MONUMENTS – Public monuments to the Confederacy have been generating controversy and sometimes violence over what critics consider their racist symbolism. Should they stay or should they be removed? Anderson Cooper examines the national debate. Keith Sharman and Erin Horan are the producers.
CLONES – Pet owners are cloning favorite animals, and, as Lesley Stahl reports, a South American polo player has cloned his favorite polo pony to create a string of strong performers– all with the same name – he’s riding to victories. Sarah Koch and Nieves Zuberbuhler are the producers.
He had a great polo pony – why not create more just like her? So polo player Adolpho Cambiaso decided to clone his favorite horse. Lesley Stahl reports on the sport of polo, which is leading the way in cutting-edge biotechnology. Her story will be broadcast on 60 MINUTES Sunday, March 11 (8:00-9:00 PM, ET/PT) on the CBS Television Network.
Stahl went to Argentina to meet Cambiaso, whom she calls the “Tom Brady of polo.” Already ranked the best player in the world, Cambiaso is leading a new charge: in science. He’s cloning his champion horses, competing on them and winning.
Cuartetera is his best horse: a 17-year-old mare that is fast and easy to direct and can turn on a dime. She was honored last year as the best polo horse in history, and her 14 clones – named Cuartetera 1, Cuartetera 2, and so on – seem to be just as gifted.
“I think she’s born to play, you know?” he tells Stahl. “There [are] those horses in life, or like soccer players like Messi. It’s not many.”
Now, with a stable full of clones of similar temperament and skill to his champion pony, Cambiaso can swap out one Cuartetera clone for another Cuartetera clone, giving him a serious advantage on the field.
NEW ORLEANS MAYOR MITCH LANDRIEU SAYS CONFEDERATE MONUMENTS ARE A LIE, ON “60 MINUTES” THIS SUNDAY
Landrieu Takes "60 Minutes" to the Undisclosed Location Where Two Prominent Confederate Statues Were Taken after Being Removed from Public View, in an Anderson Cooper Story Examining the National Debate about Confederate Monuments
Should they stay or should they go? That’s the question many people are asking about the hundreds of Confederate monuments standing on public property across the country, mostly in the South. New Orleans Mayor Mitch Landrieu has taken down four in his city because the message they send about the Civil War is “a lie,” he tells Anderson Cooper. But others interviewed for the story believe the monuments are a part of our shared history and should stay. Cooper examines the debate about Confederate monuments on the next edition of 60 MINUTES Sunday, March 11 (7:00-8:00 PM, ET/PT) on the CBS Television Network.
“Really what these monuments were, were a lie,” says Landrieu. One of the statues removed was of Gen. P.G.T Beauregard, who ordered the first shots fired in the Civil War, and another was a bronze figure of Confederate hero Gen. Robert E. Lee that stood for 133 years. “Robert E. Lee was used as an example to send a message to the rest of the country, and to all the people that lived here, that the Confederacy was a noble cause. And that’s just not true.”
Landrieu shows Cooper the shed where those statues were being stored in a place 60 MINUTES agreed not to disclose. “The whole point was to convince people that actually they won and, even in their defeat, it was a noble cause.” Landrieu says the Confederacy was anything but that. “We were talking about millions of people enslaved. 600,000 American citizens were killed, and they were trying to destroy the country.”
No state has more Confederate monuments than Virginia, where in the Confederacy’s old capital, Richmond, there are five Confederate statues standing on the city’s historic Monument Avenue. “All these years later, the Civil War, in many ways, is still contested ground. This is contested ground,” Professor Julian Hayter, a historian at the University of Richmond, tells Cooper. “Monument Avenue is not just a national tourist attraction but an international tourist attraction.”
The City’s mayor, Levar Stoney, wants the Confederate monuments on Monument Avenue taken down, and sees them as vestiges of racism and white supremacy no longer worthy of public veneration. “The monuments are just a symbol of the effort to ensure African Americans stayed maybe not in physical bondage, but in bondage politically and economically in this country and in this city.”
William Cooper, who is now retired after being a professor of history at Louisiana State University for 46 years, says the monuments were put up by real people who had real beliefs, and even if today most Americans don’t like those beliefs, the monuments remain a part of history and should stay where they are. “One of the things that bothers me most as a historian is what I call ‘presentism,’ judging the past by the present, figuring that we are the only moral people,” he says. Taking monuments down, says Professor Cooper, is a slippery slope. “Should Mount Vernon be up today? Should we go burn Monticello down tomorrow? Certainly Thomas Jefferson believed in white supremacy,” he tells Cooper.
DOCTORS SAY EARLY TRAUMATIC EVENTS PUT A CHILD AT RISK FOR FUTURE PHYSICAL, SOCIAL AND MENTAL PROBLEMS, REPORTS OPRAH WINFREY ON “60 MINUTES” THIS SUNDAY
Oprah Winfrey with Belinda Pittman-McGee, head of the Nia Imani Family Center in Milwaukee
A leading authority on childhood trauma tells Oprah Winfrey that adverse events early in a child’s development increase the child’s chances of experiencing physical, social and mental problems later in life. Winfrey speaks to Dr. Bruce Perry, a psychiatrist and neuroscientist whom authorities have consulted on high-profile events, such as school shootings. She also visits two organizations that treat their clients with the so-called “trauma-informed care” approach shaped by Dr. Perry. Both the agencies, SaintA and the Nia Imani Family Center, are in Milwaukee, where Winfrey spent part of her youth and experienced her own instances of childhood trauma.
Winfrey’s story will be broadcast on the next edition of 60 MINUTES Sunday, March 11 (7:00-8:00 PM, ET/PT) on the CBS Television Network.
Winfrey discussed her 60 MINUTES segment on CBS THIS MORNING. Below, find a transcript of an excerpt – watch it here – broadcast during that discussion. Please credit 60 MINUTES.
DR. BRUCE PERRY: That very same sensitivity that makes you able to learn [snaps fingers] language just like that as a little infant makes you highly vulnerable to chaos, threat, inconsistency, unpredictability –
OPRAH WINFREY: Violence.
DR. BRUCE PERRY: – violence. And so children are much more sensitive to developmental trauma than adults.
OPRAH WINFREY: So if you’re a child who’s raised in a nurturing and well-cared-for environment, you’re more likely to have a well-wired brain?
DR. BRUCE PERRY: Correct.
OPRAH WINFREY: And if you’re a child who’s raised in an environment of chaos, of uncertainty, of violence, of neglect, you are being wired…?
DR. BRUCE PERRY: Differently.
OPRAH WINFREY: Differently.
DR. BRUCE PERRY: And – and typically in a way that makes you more vulnerable. Kids that grow up like that have much higher rates of risk for mental health problems, much higher rates of risk for doing poorly in school.