In the wake of the growing number of mass shootings, first responders and emergency rooms are now being trained in combat first aid to save lives. The AR-15-style assault rifle causes devastating wounds similar to those found on the battlefield. Scott Pelley reports on the kinds of injuries caused by those weapons and on the new protocol medical personnel have been forced to adopt as the use of AR-15s in mass shootings becomes more frequent, on the next edition of 60 MINUTES Sunday, Nov. 4 (7:00-8:00 PM, ET/PT) on the CBS Television Network.
In Florida, Broward County medical director Dr. Peter Antevy says the wounds they are seeing, like those from the shooting last February at the nearby Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, call for combat first-aid training. “Almost everything we do is based on what the military has taught us. We never used to carry tourniquets,” he says. “We never used to carry chest seals. These are the things that were done in the military for many, many years.”
The new protocol helped paramedic Laz Ojeda save Parkland victim Maddy Wilford from bleeding to death. “We carry active killer kits in our rescues. A kit that has five tourniquets, five decompression needles, five hemostatic agents, five emergency trauma dressings,” Ojeda tells Pelley.
The horrific bleeding is caused by the extraordinary damage done by the rifle’s high-velocity rounds. The lightweight bullet travels at three times the speed of sound, and as it penetrates the human skin, it shatters bones and shreds tissue and organs. The weapon and its rounds were originally developed for the military in the 1950s, but Americans now own at least 11 million AR-15-style rifles.
After the Parkland tragedy, Antevy says his 12-year-old son was so afraid of returning to school that he decided to help his son by training him on how to stop bleeding. “My first instinct was ‘He needs a bleeding kit.’” With these mass casualty events becoming so common, Antevy gave him the kit and taught him how to use it.
Few political races have the potential to predict America’s political future more than the tight race for the U.S. Senate in Texas. Early voting in the state indicates strong interest. 60 MINUTES’ Jon Wertheim spoke to incumbent Sen. Ted Cruz (R) and his opponent, Rep. Beto O’Rourke (D), about how heavy voter turnout will affect their chances. Wertheim sets the stage and interviews the candidates for a 60 MINUTES report that also goes behind the scenes as they campaign, to be broadcast Sunday, Nov. 4 (7:00-8:00 PM, ET/PT) on the CBS Television Network.
Below is a transcript of the excerpt. Please credit 60 MINUTES:
TED CRUZ: We’ve got numbers on our side. There are a lot more conservatives than there are liberals. What the O’Rourke campaign has had on their side is intensity. The liberals who are in Texas are really, really mad. They hate President Trump. That anger is dangerous. I mean, that anger is mobilizing. It means they’re going to show up no matter what. As I’ve said, they’ll crawl over broken – broken glass to show up.
JON WERTHEIM: That’s not a good thing?
TED CRUZ: Look, intensity is, is always potent. Intensity turns people out at the polls.
JON WERTHEIM: You’re working on the assumption that the more people that show up, the better your odds of winning?
BETO O’ROURKE: Yeah, I think the more people that show up, the better we do.
JON WERTHEIM: Why?
BETO O’ROURKE: Because the people who are fired up right now are – are fired up to do something great for this country.
HIGH VELOCITY – Bullets from the AR 15-style rifle used in most of the deadliest mass shootings – including the tragedy at the Pittsburgh synagogue last week – cause devastating and often lethal wounds. As Scott Pelley reports, that’s why first responders and emergency rooms are changing their protocols and preparing for the worst. Ashley Velie is the producer.
AS GOES TEXAS – Few political races have held the potential to predict America’s political future than the tight race for the U.S. Senate in Texas between Ted Cruz (R) and Beto O’Rourke (D). Jon Wertheim reports from Texas. Graham Messick is the producer.
THE RIDE OF HIS LIFE – Ever since Garrett McNamara rode a 78-foot monster wave to set a then-world record here, the Portuguese town of Nazare has attracted a stream of surfing talent hoping to beat it. Anderson Cooper reports. Keith Sharman is the producer.
Ever since Garrett McNamara rode a 78-foot monster wave to set a then-world record here, the Portuguese town of Nazare has attracted a stream of surfing talent hoping to beat it. Who will ride one bigger? Who will get hurt trying? Anderson Cooper and 60 MINUTES’ cameras go to Nazare to experience the waves first-hand on the next edition of 60 MINUTES Sunday, Nov. 4 (7:00-8:00 PM, ET/PT) on the CBS Television Network.
The waves come every winter, the result of not just currents and wind, but a deep underwater canyon that extends 100 miles offshore into the Atlantic. That is where McNamara’s 78-footer came from. “All this energy and it funnels in like a V, so all this energy, it comes down the canyon, and as soon as it hits a shallow point – kaboom!” is how McNamara describes it.
McNamara took Cooper out on a jet ski to get the feel of the waves. On this day, they were only 20 to 30 feet high, huge by most standards, but deemed tame by the one-time record holder. It was a wild enough ride for Cooper though, as he clung to the jet ski and a small camera on a stick provided a good view of the action.
The world’s most adventurous surfers began flocking to Nazare after McNamara’s historic ride in 2011. One of them is an Englishman named Andrew Cotton. He had been driving the jet ski that towed McNamara into his 78-foot record breaker. McNamara hoped to return the favor last November, when he towed Cotton into a monster wave, but things didn’t go as planned.
“This [wave] literally exploded like a bomb, and he flew into the air like a cannonball. He was a human cannonball,” recalls McNamara. “The shock went right through my back…it was like hitting concrete,” Cotton tells Cooper.
“As wipeouts go, it wasn’t really that bad,” said Cotton, who broke his back and spent months doing rehab.
The same day Andrew Cotton got hurt, a Brazilian surfer named Rodrigo Koxa caught a wave that the World Surf League ultimately deemed to be two feet taller than McNamara’s record. A few months after that, another Brazilian surfer, Maya Gabeira, set a new women’s world record on a wave the WSL recorded to be 68 feet.
“The amazing thing about Nazare,” says Andrew Cotton, “is that you never know what you’re going to get.”